Genealogies of Jesus

Kept as public records — see /topical /g/genealogy.htm

Zerubbabel (in 453BC) took a census of the Jews and settled the returning exiles from Babylon to Israel according to their genealogies (1 Chronicles 3:19-24   1 Chronicles 9:1   Ezra 2:1-64   Nehemiah 7:5-66   Nehemiah 11:1-36   Nehemiah 12:1-26). With the rigid exclusion of all foreign intermixtures by the leaders of the restoration (Ezra 10:18-44   Nehemiah 10:30   Nehemiah 13:23-31), the genealogical interest naturally deepened until it reached its climax, at the time of Christ, followed by the destruction of Jerusalem (with so many literary records). Josephus, in the opening of his Life, states that his own pedigree was registered in the public records. Many families in Christ's time clearly possessed such lists (Luke 1:5, etc.). The affirmed, reiterated and unquestioned Davidic ancestry of Christ in the New Testament with his explicit genealogies (Matthew 1:1-17   Luke 3:23-38), Paul's statement of his own ancestry, Barnabas' Levitical ancestry, are cases in point. Descendants of David are found as late as the Roman period. There is a tradition that Herod 1 destroyed the genealogical lists at Jerusalem to strengthen his own seat, but more probably they persisted until the destruction of Jerusalem.

Below are the 77 generations of Jesus back to Adam and God. "Seven" in Hebrew is the word to "swear", make an oath, to fix a boundary. The counting of those generations ended in him. And thus in 1 Corinthians 15:45-47 Jesus is named as the "last Adam" on earth and the "second Man" from Heaven. As he then breathed on the disciples to welcome the Holy Spirit, so, until the day he returns, those words enable us to receive faith, to welcome the Holy Spirit, to become part of His Family, as well.

Genealogy Jesus back to God

His Human Ancestry

Luke 3:23-38

  1. Jesus born circa 2BC Click here for details
  2. Joseph Joseph's son via adoption
  3. Heli Most say Heli's son via marriage (Mary)
  4. Matthat
  5. Levi
  6. Melchi
  7. Janna
  8. Joseph
  9. Mattathias
  10. Amos
  11. Nahum
  12. Esli
  13. Naggai
  14. Maath
  15. Mattathias
  16. Semei
  17. Joseph
  18. Judah
  19. Joannes
  20. Rhesa
  21. Zerubbabel recorded in 1 Chronicles 3:19 as the son of Pedaiah, Shealtiel's brother. Zerubbabel is thought to have become Shealtiel's son and heir with Shealtiel dying without an heir
  22. Shealtiel (or Salathiel) is recorded in 1 Chronicles 3:17 as the son of Jeconiah. Shealtiel is thought to have been the closest relative of Jeconiah and his royal heir after the Lord declared Jeconiah, a "broken pot" would die childless ("bare"). See Jeremiah 22:30 (and Genesis 15:2)
  23. Neri
  24. Melchi
  25. Addi
  26. Cosam
  27. Elmodam
  28. Er
  29. Joses
  30. Eliezer
  31. Jorim
  32. Matthat
  33. Levi
  34. Simeon
  35. Judah
  36. Joseph
  37. Jonan
  38. Eliakim
  39. Melea
  40. Menam
  41. Mattatha
  42. Nathan
  43. David born 1005 BC (Jesse's youngest son)
  44. Jesse born possibly some time around 1125 BC
  45. Obed his birth to a young mother, Ruth — and definitely an aged father, Boaz, possibly around 1245 BC — was much celebrated.
  46. Boaz son of Rahab, born possibly some time around 1405 BC, and marries Ruth as an aged man a bit like Abraham who married Keturah as an aged man and had 6 more children to her. Genesis 25:1-2
  47. Salmon marries Rahab, believed to be the harlot, probably a young harlot, who had rescued the spies sent by Joshua to Jericho in 1465 BC
  48. Nahshon
  49. Amminadab

    The early Codex Sinaiticus script used in the NLT and the ESV and some other modern translations includes an additional name Admin between Aram (which it renames as Arni) and Amminadab. If it's not a typo, if Admin was a real character, he still makes Jesus the 77th generation but this list needs to start with Adam (instead of God) as generation 1. That's fine, Jesus as we know is both son of man and son of God.

  50. Aram
  51. Hezron
    Hezron was born around 1721 BC and went into Egypt (Jacob's great-grandson).
  52. Pharez
    Pharez was born around 1734 BC (Jacob's grandson).
  53. Judah born around 1762 BC
  54. Jacob born 1850BC - 1703BC
  55. Isaac 1910BC - 1730BC
  56. Abraham 2010BC - 1835BC
  57. Terah 2140BC - 1935BC
  58. Nahor 2169BC - 2021BC
  59. Serug 2199BC - 1969BC
  60. Reu 2231BC - 1992BC
  61. Peleg 2261BC - 2022BC
  62. Eber 2295BC - 1831BC
  63. Salah 2325BC - 1892BC
  64. Cainan
    Cainan is not mentioned in Genesis, although he must have been part of the public records. According to the Book of Jubilees, he revived the condemned arts of astrology and was presumably cast out. His son Salah was raised by his grandfather Arphaxad who was only 35 at the time of Salah's birth. See Ruth 4:17, where Obed is called the son of Naomi though he was really her grandson, her sons having previously died.
  65. Arphaxad 2360BC - 1922BC
  66. Shem 2460BC - 1860BC
  67. Noah 2962BC - 2012BC
  68. Lamech 3144BC - 2367BC
  69. Methuselah 3331BC - 2362BC
  70. Enoch 3396BC - 3031BC
  71. Jared 3558BC - 2596BC
  72. Mahalaleel 3623BC - 2728BC
  73. Cainan 3693BC - 2783BC
  74. Enos 3783BC - 2878BC
  75. Seth 3888BC - 2976BC
  76. Adam 4018BC - 3088BC
  77. God.


With respect to the four generations Levi to Moses, the names are recorded in Exodus 6.
25. Levi born around 1763 BC and lived 137 years, but dying before Moses was born.
26. Kohath who lived 133 years.
27. Amram who married Jochebed and had at least three children, Moses and his older brother and sister, Aaron and Miriam. Amram lived 137 years.
28. Moses born around 1585 BC and lived 120 years.

**End of List


Genealogy Abraham to Christ

His Royal Lineage

Matthew 1:1-17

The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

    Abraham, Father of Israel — the promised nation

  1. Abraham
  2. Isaac
  3. Jacob
  4. Judah and his brothers
  5. Pharez and Zerah of Tamar
  6. Hezron
  7. Aram
  8. Amminadab
  9. Nahshon
  10. Salmon
  11. Boaz of Rahab — Boaz marries Ruth, a Moabitess, tenth generation from Abraham and his brother-in-law/nephew Lot who had fathered Moab unknowingly through his daughter. Note the prohibition in Deuteronomy 23:2-3
  12. Obed of Ruth
  13. Jesse
  14. David the king

    Solomon, King of Israel — the visible nation

  15. Solomon of her who had been the wife of Uriah — Bathsheba's name is not mentioned here
  16. Rehoboam
  17. Abijah
  18. Asa
  19. Jehoshaphat
  20. Jehoram, whom Jehoshaphat causes to marry Athaliah, daughter of Ahab and Jezebel — his son Ahaziah, grandson Joash and great-grandson Amaziah apparently have ungodly ends, distant from God, and are neither mentioned nor counted in this genealogy
  21. Uzziah
  22. Jotham
  23. Ahaz
  24. Hezekiah
  25. Manasseh
  26. Amon
  27. Josiah
  28. Jehoiachin — strictly speaking he was Josiah's grandson, but Josiah's son Jehoiakim has no mention — it was the time Israel was captured and taken to the kingdom of Babylon — Jehoiakim's younger brother Jehoahaz who took the throne in Israel died in captivity in Egypt — Jehoiakim died in Jerusalem — then Jehoiakim's son Jehoiachin and his brothers are taken prisoners into Babylon

    And after the Jews were brought to Babylon we next see

    Jehoiachin, King of Israel (in captivity but also renewed, born again) — the somewhat invisible nation

  29. Jehoiachin — with renewal coming at the end of the 37th year of his captivity — see 2 Kings 25:27-30
  30. Shealtiel, his heir (see note above)
  31. Zerubbabel, Shealtiel's nephew
  32. Abiud
  33. Eliakim
  34. Azor
  35. Sadoc
  36. Achim
  37. Eliud
  38. Eleazar
  39. Matthan
  40. Jacob
  41. Joseph the husband of Mary
  42. Jesus, his adopted son, who is called Christ.

So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations; and from David until the carrying away into Babylon are fourteen generations; and from the carrying away into Babylon unto Christ are fourteen generations

**End of page

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