Universe, Atoms, and the Seven Days of Creation

Based on factors like gravity and speed, how you see time depends on where in the universe you're looking at it. A minute on the moon goes faster than a minute on the Earth. A minute on the sun goes slower. Time on the sun is actually stretched out so that if you could put a clock on the sun, it would tick more slowly.

Click here for further details, attributed to a dear Jewish chap who helped my thinking on this one, no, not Einstein , Gerald Schroeder, a former nuclear physicist at MIT and a former member of the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission.


Regarding the Milky Way where our solar system lives, the physicists at ESO, the European Southern Observatory, now consider the first generation of stars in the Milky Way galaxy was formed at about the time the "Dark Ages" ended, perhaps just 200 million years (in human time) after the Big Bang.

Our solar system is located about two-thirds of the way out from the centre of the Milky Way. Illustration via Caltech.

Brief summary of relative speeds and sizes (approximately) of local astronomical objects:


  1. It has been estimated that there are 1080 atoms in the universe, with perhaps two trillion galaxies,
  2. 1067 atoms in our Milky Way Galaxy with perhaps 100 billion stars,
    with a
    calculation of something like 200 billion trillion stars in the Universe, Gen 15:5, but only a rough number as obviously not all galaxies are the same.
  3. 1056 atoms in our Solar System (99.8% inside the sun),
  4. 1050 atoms upon the earth

and about 1027 atoms in an average 70kg adult human being, (of which 45-65% is pure water, H2O).

  1. There are about 30 trillion additional cells in this adult, that includes about 25 trillion red blood cells.
  2. Each cell in this adult averages about 1014 atoms, varying between 1017 atoms e.g. in an ovum, and 1012 atoms e.g. in a sperm cell.
  3. There are about 1011 atoms in each cell's DNA (inside the nucleus).

Each red blood cell (having extruded the nucleus) is capable of carrying more than one billion oxygen molecules O2. The oxygen atom makes up the bulk of our mass.

Unfriendly viruses are much smaller, about 108 atoms, such as the HIV virus with its 64 million atoms that sneaks inside white blood cells – people's immune systems. Or coronavirus (such as COVID-19) with maybe about 200 million atoms that attack the cells inside the lungs.

Antibodies from plasma cells in bone marrow that fight infection are very small ~20,000 atoms.
We are fearfully and wonderfully made. May God grant us his favour.


Two other issues, dark matter, a word invented in the 1930s, because gravitational pull could not explain all the motions occurring with the galaxies and the clusters of stars ,

and dark energy, a word invented to refer to the expansion occurring with the solar system, the galaxies, and the universe, (as a result of God's second day) without mentioning the word "God".

And yet he (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit) is so near to us. Acts 17:27
Recent attempts to explain this have posited a hypothetical universe via string theory...

String Theory
Extract from www.universetoday.com

Click here re the wormhole tunnel, also referred to as the Einstein-Rosen bridge, first coined in 1957 by John Wheeler speculatively linking disparate points in spacetime.

We are aware of the three dimensions that surround us on a daily basis - those that define the length, width, and depth of all objects we perceive (the x, y, and z axes, respectively). The theoretical framework of "string theory", aka superstring theory, posits that the universe exists in ten different dimensions.

  1. The first dimension, as already noted, is that which gives it length (aka. the x-axis). A good description of a one-dimensional object is a straight line, which exists only in terms of length and has no other discernible qualities.
  2. Add to it a second dimension, the y-axis (or height), and you get an object that becomes a 2-dimensional shape (like a square).
  3. The third dimension involves depth (the z-axis), and gives all objects a sense of area and a cross-section. The perfect example of this is a cube, which exists in three dimensions and has a length, width, depth, and hence volume.
  4. It is posited that the fourth dimension is time, which governs the properties of all known matter at any given point. Along with the three other dimensions, knowing an objects position in time is essential to plotting its position in the universe.
  5. According to Superstring Theory, the fifth and sixth dimensions are where the notion of possible worlds arises. If we could see on through to the fifth dimension, we would see a world slightly different from our own that would give us a means of measuring the similarity and differences between our world and other possible ones.
  6. In the sixth, we would see a plane of possible worlds, where we could compare and position all the possible universes that start with the same initial conditions as this one (i.e. the Big Bang). In theory, if you could master the fifth and sixth dimension, you could travel back in time or go to different futures.
  7. In the seventh dimension, you have access to the possible worlds that start with different initial conditions. Whereas in the fifth and sixth, the initial conditions were the same and subsequent actions were different, here, everything is different from the very beginning of time.
  8. The eighth dimension again gives us a plane of such possible universe histories, each of which begins with different initial conditions and branches out infinitely.
  9. In the ninth dimension, we can compare all the possible universe histories, starting with all the different possible laws of physics and initial conditions.
  10. In the tenth and final dimension, we arrive at the point in which everything possible and imaginable is covered, which makes it the natural limitation of what we can conceive in terms of dimensions.

The fact that we can perceive only four dimensions of space can be explained by one of two mechanisms: either the extra dimensions are compactified on a very small scale, or else our world may live on a 3-dimensional submanifold corresponding to a brane, on which all known particles besides gravity would be restricted (aka. brane theory).

A 0-brane is a zero-dimensional object, a point; a 1-brane is a one-dimensional object, a string; a 2-brane is a two-dimensional object, a membrane; and a p-brane is a p-dimensional object, for values of p up to 9.

But these conceptions, conceits, refuse to acknowledge that God has, for now, chosen to hide himself from the world, which is under judgment. See too Exodus 24:10 and also the appearance of Earth from "outer space", from any place of "nothingness". Due to the 70% of the planet's surface that is covered with water, Earth appears like a sapphire stone.


Now, over to Genesis 1

7 Days of Creation

Click here for a more detailed background.

Why does the apple fall to the ground?
Because it's attracted by gravity.

Why is it attracted by gravity?
It's because space-time bends around masses.

DayTime SpanActivity
One.15,750 million BC
- 7,750 million BC
Gen 1:1-2 In the start God had created ("built") the heavens (literally "There, the waters") and earth (Dry place down here). Before the cosmos it is an ageless period — this picture is beyond our understanding.

The earth was waste and ruin with darkness (misery) upon the face of its depths and its surface under waters — stickiness — pregnant with hope.

From some early Jewish writings: The light which was created before the cosmos was hidden by God beneath His throne; and to the question of Satan in regard to it God answered, "This light is kept for him who shall bring you to shame." At his request God showed Satan the Messiah; "and when he saw him he trembled, fell upon his face, and cried: 'Truly this is the Messiah who shall hurl me and all the princes of the angels of the peoples down even into hell'"
Pesikta Rabbati iii. 6 [ed. Friedmann, p. 161b]

Luke 10:18-20 I saw Satan fall as lightning from heaven

Time Starts
Gen 1:3-5 God forms the light at perhaps 100 million trillion trillion degrees Kelvin, and separates the light that now permeates this sticky mass from the darkness. Light ("or") was day ("yom"), obscurity ("hoshek") was night ("lay-il") from "lo" meaning "not".

Second.7,750 million BC -
3,750 million BC
Gen 1:6-8 God declares an expanse, a hammering out ("raqia") to bisect this stickiness, separating waters above the hammering from waters below the hammering i.e. outer space, to a diameter of about 93,000 million light years (the observable universe). Names the expanse Heaven ("Shamayim") traditionally referred to as the second heaven to contrast it with the blue sky, the first heaven. Temperature drops to, perhaps, about 5.46 degrees Kelvin (about double the 2.73 degrees the universe is today)
Third.3,750 million BC -
1,750 million BC
Gen 1:9-13 Gathers waters ("mayim") together forming seas ("yam") roar. Dry ("yabes") earth ("eretz") appears and primitive plant life. The earth is much hotter in this "pre-Cambrian" age, there is less oxygen, and there are perhaps a number of "ice ages" on the surface, with frozen oceans, and with glaciers "grinding" mountains to powder.
Earth's rotation is also faster, resulting in perhaps 450 days in a solar cycle (year)
Fourth.1,750 million BC -
750 million BC
Gen 1:14-19 Positions the greater light (the sun), the lesser light (the moon), and the stars to govern time upon the earth
Fifth.750 million BC -
250 million BC
Gen 1:20-23 Complex living creatures form (Cambrian explosion) sea animals and flying creatures big and small
Sixth.250 million BC -
2,000 AD
Gen 1:24-31 Land animals formed, bovines, reptiles, mammals, early "homo sapiens".
At the very, very close of the sixth day about 4,000 BC, creates Adam a unique homo sapiens to name and rule the earth. Sin (rebellion) violence and death encompasses all mankind, both young and old.
About 2 BC, sends His Son to be man's Lord (and Saviour)
Seventh.Reign of Christ for one thousand years.Gen 2:1-3 Rest

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Starting in Genesis 2:4 we see the second picture of the seven day week — the scripture summary re "children of Adam", all made in the image of "Jehovah" God our Father, seen as three periods of 2,000 year groups (approximately), this is an old picture, many since 2 Peter 3:7-8 have prophesied on this one,

a. God-Adam (father-father) revealing his favour and wrath focused on children of Adam at the start in Genesis 2:7 until the flood and dispersion of peoples worldwide, all knowing "about" God, if not knowing him directly, much deception abounding, e.g. as recorded in Job.

b. then Abraham-Isaac (father-son) one-third of the way, revealing his favour and wrath recorded and focused on one place, one people, i.e. the Jews, with God "tolerating" other people's lack of knowledge, delusions "of grandeur"

c. then Jesus-Christ (son-Holy Spirit) two-thirds of the way, revealing his favour and wrath recorded and spoken about everywhere,

reaching up to today three-thirds of the way, with the Gospel message now preached via pre-called and pre-chosen saints, through radio, TV, Internet-smartphones, in every language, literally billions, reading and hearing about the Lord taking on our fallenness, with forgiveness, on the cross.

coming up to a seventh day (Christ's return and millennial reign through the Holy Spirit, when Satan, the deceiver, is "locked up").

** End of week

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