Genealogies of Jesus
Zerubbabel (in 453BC) took a census of the Jews and settled the returning exiles from Babylon to Israel according to their genealogies (1 Chronicles 3:19-24 1 Chronicles 9:1 Ezra 2:1-64 Nehemiah 7:5-66 Nehemiah 11:1-36 Nehemiah 12:1-26). With the rigid exclusion of all foreign intermixtures by the leaders of the restoration (Ezra 10:18-44 Nehemiah 10:30 Nehemiah 13:23-31), the genealogical interest naturally deepened until it reached its climax, at the time of Christ, followed by the destruction of Jerusalem (with so many literary records). Josephus, in the opening of his Life, states that his own pedigree was registered in the public records. Many families in Christ's time clearly possessed such lists (Luke 1:5, etc.). The affirmed, reiterated and unquestioned Davidic ancestry of Christ in the New Testament with his explicit genealogies (Matthew 1:1-17 Luke 3:23-38), Paul's statement of his own ancestry, Barnabas' Levitical ancestry, are cases in point. Descendants of David are found as late as the Roman period. There is a tradition that Herod 1 destroyed the genealogical lists at Jerusalem to strengthen his own seat, but more probably they persisted until the destruction of Jerusalem.
Below are the 77 generations of Jesus back to Adam and God. "Seven" in Hebrew is the word to "swear", make an oath, to fix a boundary. The counting of those generations ended in him. And thus in 1 Corinthians 15:45-47 Jesus is named as the "last Adam" on earth and the "second Man" from Heaven. As he then breathed on the disciples to welcome the Holy Spirit, so, until the day he returns, those words enable us to receive faith, to welcome the Holy Spirit, to become part of His Family, as well.
Genealogy Jesus back to God
His Human Ancestry
- Jesus born circa 2BC Click here for details
- Joseph Joseph's son via adoption
- Heli Most say Heli's son via marriage (Mary)
- Zerubbabel recorded in 1 Chronicles 3:19 as the son of Pedaiah, Shealtiel's brother. Zerubbabel is thought to have become Shealtiel's son and heir with Shealtiel dying without an heir
- Shealtiel (or Salathiel) is recorded in 1 Chronicles 3:17 as the son of Jeconiah. Shealtiel is thought to have been the closest relative of Jeconiah and his royal heir after the Lord declared Jeconiah, a "broken pot" would die childless ("bare"). See Jeremiah 22:30 (and Genesis 15:2)
- David born 1005 BC (Jesse's youngest son)
- Jesse born possibly some time around 1125 BC
- Obed his birth to a young mother, Ruth — and definitely an aged father, Boaz, possibly around 1245 BC — was much celebrated.
- Boaz son of Rahab, born possibly some time around 1405 BC, and marries Ruth as an aged man a bit like Abraham who married Keturah as an aged man and had 6 more children to her. Genesis 25:1-2
- Salmon marries Rahab, believed to be the harlot, probably a young harlot, who had rescued the spies sent by Joshua to Jericho in 1465 BC
The early Codex Sinaiticus script used in the NLT and the ESV and some other modern translations includes an additional name Admin between Aram (which it renames as Arni) and Amminadab. If it's not a typo, if Admin was a real character, he still makes Jesus the 77th generation but this list needs to start with Adam (instead of God) as generation 1. That's fine, Jesus as we know is both son of man and son of God.
Hezron was born around 1721 BC and went into Egypt (Jacob's great-grandson).
Pharez was born around 1734 BC (Jacob's grandson).
- Judah born around 1762 BC
- Jacob born 1850BC - 1703BC
- Isaac 1910BC - 1730BC
- Abraham 2010BC - 1835BC
- Terah 2140BC - 1935BC
- Nahor 2169BC - 2021BC
- Serug 2199BC - 1969BC
- Reu 2231BC - 1992BC
- Peleg 2261BC - 2022BC
- Eber 2295BC - 1831BC
- Salah 2325BC - 1892BC
Cainan is not mentioned in Genesis, although he must have been part of the public records. According to the Book of Jubilees, he revived the condemned arts of astrology and was presumably cast out. His son Salah was raised by his grandfather Arphaxad who was only 35 at the time of Salah's birth. See Ruth 4:17, where Obed is called the son of Naomi though he was really her grandson, her sons having previously died.
- Arphaxad 2360BC - 1922BC
- Shem 2460BC - 1860BC
- Noah 2962BC - 2012BC
- Lamech 3144BC - 2367BC
- Methuselah 3331BC - 2362BC
- Enoch 3396BC - 3031BC
- Jared 3558BC - 2596BC
- Mahalaleel 3623BC - 2728BC
- Cainan 3693BC - 2783BC
- Enos 3783BC - 2878BC
- Seth 3888BC - 2976BC
- Adam 4018BC - 3088BC
With respect to the four generations Levi to Moses, the names are recorded in Exodus 6.
|25.|| Levi born around 1763 BC and lived 137 years, but dying before Moses was born.
|26.|| Kohath who lived 133 years.
|27.|| Amram who married Jochebed and had at least three children, Moses and his older brother and sister, Aaron and Miriam. Amram lived 137 years.
|28.|| Moses born around 1585 BC and lived 120 years.
**End of List
Genealogy Abraham to Christ
His Royal Lineage
The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.
Abraham, Father of Israel — the promised nation
- Judah and his brothers
- Pharez and Zerah of Tamar
- Boaz of Rahab — Boaz marries Ruth, a Moabitess, tenth generation from Abraham and his brother-in-law/nephew Lot who had fathered Moab unknowingly through his daughter. Note the prohibition in Deuteronomy 23:2-3
- Obed of Ruth
- David the king
Solomon, King of Israel — the visible nation
- Solomon of her who had been the wife of Uriah — Bathsheba's name is not mentioned here
- Jehoram, whom Jehoshaphat causes to marry Athaliah, daughter of Ahab and Jezebel — his son Ahaziah, grandson Joash and great-grandson Amaziah apparently have ungodly ends, distant from God, and are neither mentioned nor counted in this genealogy
- Jehoiachin — strictly speaking he was Josiah's grandson, but Josiah's son Jehoiakim has no mention — it was the time Israel was captured and taken to the kingdom of Babylon — Jehoiakim's younger brother Jehoahaz who took the throne in Israel died in captivity in Egypt — Jehoiakim died in Jerusalem — then Jehoiakim's son Jehoiachin and his brothers are taken prisoners into Babylon
And after the Jews were brought to Babylon we next see
Jehoiachin, King of Israel (in captivity but also renewed, born again) — the somewhat invisible nation
- Jehoiachin — with renewal coming at the end of the 37th year of his captivity — see 2 Kings 25:27-30
- Shealtiel, his heir (see note above)
- Zerubbabel, Shealtiel's nephew
- Joseph the husband of Mary
- Jesus, his adopted son, who is called Christ.
So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations; and from David until the carrying away into Babylon are fourteen generations; and from the carrying away into Babylon unto Christ are fourteen generations
**End of page
Go back to top