Genealogies of Jesus

Kept as public records — see /topical /g/genealogy.htm

Zerubbabel (in 453BC) took a census of the Jews and settled the returning exiles from Babylon to Israel according to their genealogies (1 Chronicles 3:19-24 1 Chronicles 9:1 Ezra 2:1-64 Nehemiah 7:5-66 Nehemiah 11:1-36 Nehemiah 12:1-26). With the rigid exclusion of all foreign intermixtures by the leaders of the restoration (Ezra 10:18-44 Nehemiah 10:30 Nehemiah 13:23-31), the genealogical interest naturally deepened until it reached its climax, at the time of Christ, followed by the destruction of Jerusalem (with so many literary records). Josephus, in the opening of his Life, states that his own pedigree was registered in the public records. Many families in Christ's time clearly possessed such lists (Luke 1:5, etc.). The affirmed, reiterated and unquestioned Davidic ancestry of Christ in the New Testament with his explicit genealogies (Matthew 1:1-17 Luke 3:23-38), Paul's statement of his own ancestry, Barnabas' Levitical ancestry, are cases in point. Descendants of David are found as late as the Roman period. There is a tradition that Herod 1 destroyed the genealogical lists at Jerusalem to strengthen his own seat, but more probably they persisted until the destruction of Jerusalem.

Below are the 77 generations of Jesus back to Adam and God. "Seven" in Hebrew is the word to "swear", make an oath, to fix a boundary. The counting of those generations ended in him. And thus in 1 Corinthians 15:45-47 Jesus is named as the "last Adam" on earth and the "second Man" from Heaven. As he then breathed on the disciples to welcome the Holy Spirit, so, until the day he returns, those words enable us to receive faith, to welcome the Holy Spirit, to become part of His Family, as well.

Genealogy Jesus to God

Genealogy Jesus back to God

His Human Ancestry

Luke 3:23-38
77. Jesus born circa 2 BC Click here for details
76. Joseph Jesus was Joseph's adopted son according to legal convention
75. Heli (Most commentaries declare that Heli was Mary's father, and Joseph's father-in-law.)
74. Matthat
73. Levi
72. Melchi
71. Janna
70. Joseph
69. Mattathias
68. Amos
67. Nahum
66. Esli
65. Naggai
64. Maath
63. Mattathias
62. Semei
61. Joseph
60. Judah
59. Joannes
58. Rhesa
57. Zerubbabel

Zerubbabel is recorded in 1 Chronicles 3:19 as the son of Pedaiah, Shealtiel's brother. Pedaiah is seen as having married his brother's widow after Shealtiel died childless. See this principle in Genesis 38:8. Zerubbabel accordingly became Shealtiel's son and heir.

56. Shealtiel

Also written as Salathiel. He is recorded in 1 Chronicles 3:17 as the son of Jeconiah. Shealtiel is thought to have been adopted by Jeconiah as his royal heir after the Lord declared Jeconiah would die childless. See Jeremiah 22:24-30

Neri's widow, after bearing Shealtiel and Pedaiah to Neri, is thought to have married a close relative, Jeconiah.

55. Neri
54. Melchi
53. Addi
52. Cosam
51. Elmodam
50. Er
49. Joses
48. Eliezer
47. Jorim
46. Matthat
45. Levi
44. Simeon
43. Judah
42. Joseph
41. Jonan
40. Eliakim
39. Melea
38. Menam
37. Mattatha
36. Nathan
35. David 1005BC - 935BC (Jesse's youngest son)
34. Jesse born possibly around 1125 BC
33. Obed
Obed's birth to a young mother, Ruth — and definitely an aged father, Boaz, possibly around 1245 BC — was much celebrated.
32. Boaz
Boaz was the son of Rahab, born possibly around 1405 BC, and married Ruth as an aged man a bit like Abraham who had married Keturah as an aged man and then had 6 more children to her.
31. Salmon
Salmon married Rahab, thought to have been the harlot (a young harlot) who had rescued the spies sent by Joshua to Jericho in 1465 BC
30. Nahshon
29. Amminadab

The early Codex Sinaiticus script used in the NLT and the ESV and some other modern translations includes an additional name Admin between Aram (which it renames as Arni) and Amminadab. If it's not a typo, if Admin was a real character, he still makes Jesus the 77th generation but this list needs to start with Adam (instead of God) as generation 1. That's fine, Jesus as we know is both son of man and son of God.

28. Aram
27. Hezron
Hezron was born around 1721 BC and went into Egypt (Jacob's great-grandson).
26. Pharez
Pharez was born around 1734 BC (Jacob's grandson).
25. Judah born around 1762 BC
24. Jacob born 1850BC - 1703BC
23. Isaac 1910BC - 1730BC
22. Abraham 2010BC - 1835BC
21. Terah 2140BC - 1935BC
20. Nahor 2169BC - 2021BC
19. Serug 2199BC - 1969BC
18. Reu 2231BC - 1992BC
17. Peleg 2261BC - 2022BC
16. Eber 2295BC - 1831BC
15. Salah 2325BC - 1892BC
14. Cainan
Cainan is not mentioned in Genesis, although he must have been part of the public records. According to the Book of Jubilees, he revived the condemned arts of astrology and was presumably cast out. His son Salah was raised by his grandfather Arphaxad who was only 35 at the time of Salah's birth. See Ruth 4:17, where Obed is called the son of Naomi though he was really her grandson, her sons having previously died.
13. Arphaxad 2360BC - 1922BC
12. Shem 2460BC - 1860BC
11. Noah 2962BC - 2012BC
10. Lamech 3144BC - 2367BC
9. Methuselah 3331BC - 2362BC
8. Enoch 3396BC - 3031BC
7. Jared 3558BC - 2596BC
6. Mahalaleel 3623BC - 2728BC
5. Cainan 3693BC - 2783BC
4. Enos 3783BC - 2878BC
3. Seth 3888BC - 2976BC
2. Adam 4018BC - 3088BC
1. God.


With respect to the four generations Levi to Moses, the names are recorded in Exodus 6.
25. Levi born around 1763 BC and lived 137 years, but dying before Moses was born.
26. Kohath who lived 133 years.
27. Amram who married Jochebed and had at least three children, Moses and his older brother and sister, Aaron and Miriam. Amram lived 137 years.
28. Moses born around 1585 BC and lived 120 years.

**End of List


Genealogy Abraham to Christ

Genealogy Abraham to Christ

His Royal Lineage

Matthew 1:1-17

The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

    Abraham, Father of Israel — the promised nation

  1. Abraham
  2. Isaac
  3. Jacob
  4. Judah and his brothers
  5. Pharez and Zerah of Tamar
  6. Hezron
  7. Aram
  8. Amminadab
  9. Nahshon
  10. Salmon
  11. Boaz of Rahab — Boaz marries Ruth, a Moabitess, tenth generation from Abraham and his brother-in-law/nephew Lot who had fathered Moab unknowingly through his daughter. Note the prohibition in Deuteronomy 23:2-3
  12. Obed of Ruth
  13. Jesse
  14. David the king

    Solomon, King of Israel — the visible nation

  15. Solomon of her who had been the wife of Uriah — Bathsheba's name is not mentioned here
  16. Rehoboam
  17. Abijah
  18. Asa
  19. Jehoshaphat
  20. Jehoram, whom Jehoshaphat causes to marry Athaliah, daughter of Ahab and Jezebel — his son Ahaziah, grandson Joash and great-grandson Amaziah apparently have ungodly ends, distant from God, and are neither mentioned nor counted in this genealogy
  21. Uzziah
  22. Jotham
  23. Ahaz
  24. Hezekiah
  25. Manasseh
  26. Amon
  27. Josiah
  28. Jehoiachin — strictly speaking he was Josiah's grandson, but Josiah's son Jehoiakim has no mention — it was the time Israel was captured and taken to the kingdom of Babylon — Jehoiakim's younger brother Jehoahaz who took the throne in Israel died in captivity in Egypt — Jehoiakim died in Jerusalem — then Jehoiakim's son Jehoiachin and his brothers are taken prisoners into Babylon

    And after the Jews were brought to Babylon we next see

    Jehoiachin, King of Israel (in captivity but also renewed, born again) — the somewhat invisible nation

  29. Jehoiachin — with renewal coming at the end of the 37th year of his captivity — see 2 Kings 25:27-30
  30. Shealtiel
  31. Zerubbabel
  32. Abiud
  33. Eliakim
  34. Azor
  35. Sadoc
  36. Achim
  37. Eliud
  38. Eleazar
  39. Matthan
  40. Jacob
  41. Joseph the (betrothed) husband of Mary
  42. Jesus, who is called Christ.

So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations; and from David until the carrying away into Babylon are fourteen generations; and from the carrying away into Babylon unto Christ are fourteen generations

**End of List